Douglas, Gawin (Gavin)

Douglas, Gawin (Gavin)
   Born (possibly) at the castle of Tantallon in East Lothian, the son of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus-known as "Archibald Bell-the-Cat"-he was educated at St. Andrews University and possibly Paris. He held various church appointments and was made Bishop of Dunkeld (Perth and Kinross) in 1515. Eleven months after the Battle of Flodden (1513)where James IV was killed-his uncle, the 6th Earl of Angus, married Margaret, the royal widow. In the ensuing power struggle, because of his allegiance to the queen, he was imprisoned by the regent, the Duke of Albany, for a year and only released on the intervention of the pope. He was banished in 1521 to England, where he died of plague. His three posthumously published works: The Palice of Honor, circa 1535. King Hart, 1786. The Æneid, 1553 (the earliest translation into English, or rather, into colloquial Scots). Some of his shorter poems: "Conscience," "Heir the Translatour of This Buk Makis Mensioun of Thre of Hys Pryncipall Warkis," "Heyr Begynnys the Proloug of Virgyll Prynce of Latyn Poetis," "Winter."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 ( Oldpoetry ( The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 ( The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. The Palis of Honoure: Introduction. Gavin Douglas. David Parkinson, ed. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Medieval Institute Publications, 1992 ( The Poetical Works of Gavin Douglas. John Small, ed. William Paterson Publisher, 1874. The Shorter Poems of Gavin Douglas. 2nd edition. P. Bawcutt, ed. Scottish Text Society, 2003.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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